Journal of Neuroscience, ( ISI ), Year (2023-3)

Title : ( Rhythm in the premature neonate brain: Very early processing of auditory beat and meter )

Authors: Mohammadreza Edalati Sharbaf , Fabrice Wallois , Javad Safaie , Ghida Ghostine , Guy Kongolo , Laurel J. Trainor , Sahar Moghimi ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

The ability to extract rhythmic structure is important for the development of language, music and social communication. Although previous studies show infants’ brains entrain to the periodicities of auditory rhythms and even different metrical interpretations (e.g., groups of two vs. three beats) of ambiguous rhythms, whether the premature brain tracks beat and meter frequencies had not been explored previously. We used high-resolution electroencephalography, while premature infants (n = 19, five male, mean age 32 ± 2.59 wGA) heard two auditory rhythms in the incubators. We observed selective enhancement of the neural response at both beat and meter-related frequencies. Further, neural oscillations at the beat and duple (groups of 2) meter were phase aligned with the envelope of the auditory rhythmic stimuli. Comparing the relative power at beat and meter frequencies across stimuli and frequency revealed evidence for selective enhancement of duple meter. This suggests that even at this early stage of development, neural mechanisms for processing auditory rhythms beyond simple sensory coding are present. Our results add to a few recent neuroimaging studies demonstrating discriminative auditory abilities of premature neural networks. Specifically, our results demonstrate the early capacities of the immature neural circuits and networks to code both simple beat and beat grouping (i.e., hierarchical meter) regularities of auditory sequences. Considering the importance of rhythm processing for acquiring language and music, our findings indicate that even before birth, the premature brain is already learning this important aspect of the auditory world in a sophisticated and abstract way.

Keywords

, Rhythm, premature, auditory cortex
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@article{paperid:1093745,
author = {Edalati Sharbaf, Mohammadreza and Fabrice Wallois and Safaie, Javad and Ghida Ghostine and Guy Kongolo and Laurel J. Trainor and Sahar Moghimi},
title = {Rhythm in the premature neonate brain: Very early processing of auditory beat and meter},
journal = {Journal of Neuroscience},
year = {2023},
month = {March},
issn = {0270-6474},
keywords = {Rhythm; premature; auditory cortex},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Rhythm in the premature neonate brain: Very early processing of auditory beat and meter
%A Edalati Sharbaf, Mohammadreza
%A Fabrice Wallois
%A Safaie, Javad
%A Ghida Ghostine
%A Guy Kongolo
%A Laurel J. Trainor
%A Sahar Moghimi
%J Journal of Neuroscience
%@ 0270-6474
%D 2023

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