Fungal Genetics and Biology, Volume (171), Year (2024-3) , Pages (103875-103890)

Title : ( The genus Acrophialophora: History, phylogeny, morphology, beneficial effects and pathogenicity )

Authors: zoha daroodi , Parissa Taheri ,

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The genus Acrophialophora is a thermotolerant fungus, which is widely distributed in temperate and tropical zones. This fungus is classified in Ascomycota and belongs to the Chaetomiaceae family and the genera of Parathielavia, Pseudothielavia and Hyalosphaerella are closely related to Acrophialophora. For this genus have been reported 28 species so far, which two species of Acrophialophora jodhpurensis and Acrophialophora teleoafricana produce only sexual phase and other species produce asexual form. Therefore, producing both sexual and asexual forms were not reported by any species. Many applications were reported by some species in agriculture, pharmacy and industry. Production of enzymes, antimicrobial metabolites and plant growth-promoting factors were reported by some species. The species of A. nainiana is used in the industries of textile, fruit juice, pulp and paper due to extracellular enzyme production. Also, other species produce extracellular enzymes that can be used in various industries. The species Acrophialophora are used in the composting industry due to the production of various enzymes and to be thermotolerant. In addition, some species were isolated from hostile environmental conditions. Therefore has been suggested that it can be used for mycoremediation. Also, antimicrobial metabolites of Acrophialophora have been reported to be effective against human and plant pathogens. In contrast to the beneficial effects described, the Acrophialophora pathogenicity has been rarely reported. Two species A. fusispora and A. levis are opportunistic fungi and have been reported as pathogens in humans, animals and plants. Currently, the development and applications of Acrophialophora species have increased more than past. To our knowledge, there is no report with comprehensive information on the species of Acrophialophora, which include their disadvantage and beneficial effects, particularly in agriculture. Therefore, it seems necessary to pay more in-depth attention to the application of this genus as a beneficial fungus in agriculture, pharmaceutical and industry. This review is focused on the history, phylogeny, morphology, valuable roles of Acrophialophora and pathogenicity


Antimicrobial metabolites Biofertilizer Chaetomiaceae Enzyme production Induced resistance
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author = {Daroodi, Zoha and Taheri, Parissa},
title = {The genus Acrophialophora: History, phylogeny, morphology, beneficial effects and pathogenicity},
journal = {Fungal Genetics and Biology},
year = {2024},
volume = {171},
month = {March},
issn = {1087-1845},
pages = {103875--103890},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {Antimicrobial metabolites Biofertilizer Chaetomiaceae Enzyme production Induced resistance},


%0 Journal Article
%T The genus Acrophialophora: History, phylogeny, morphology, beneficial effects and pathogenicity
%A Daroodi, Zoha
%A Taheri, Parissa
%J Fungal Genetics and Biology
%@ 1087-1845
%D 2024