Tetrahedron Letters, ( ISI ), Year (2006-5)

Title : 3-D velocity structure of the 2003 Bam earthquake area (SE Iran) : Existence of a low-Poisson's rati ( 3D velocity structure of the 2003 Bam earthquake area (SE Iran): Existence of a low-Poisson s ratio layer and its relation to heavy damage )

Authors: Hossein Sadeghi ,

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To understand the generation mechanism of the Bam earthquake (Mw 6.6), we studied three-dimensional VP, VS and Poisson s ratio (σ) structures in the Bam area by using the seismic tomography method. We inverted accurate arrival times of 19490 P waves and 19015 S waves from 2396 aftershocks recorded by a temporal high-sensitivity seismic network. The 3-D velocity structure of the seismogenic region was well resolved to a depth of 14 km with significant velocity variations of up to 5%. The general pattern of aftershock distribution was relocated by using the 3-D structure to delineate a source fault for a length of approximately 20 km along a line 4.5 km west of the known geological Bam fault; this source fault dips steeply westward and strikes a nearly north–south line. The main shallow cluster of aftershocks south of the city of Bam is distributed just under the minor surface ruptures in the desert. The 3-D velocity structure shows a thick layer of high VS and low σ (minimum: 0.20) at a depth range of 2–6 km. The deeper layer, with a thickness of about 2 km, appears to have a low VS and high σ (maximum: 0.28) from 6 km depth beneath Bam to a depth of 9 km south of the city. The inferred increase of Poisson s ratio from 2 to 10 km in depth may be associated with a change from rigid and SiO2-rich rock to more mafic rock, including the probable existence of fluids. The main seismic gap of aftershock distribution at the depth range of 2 to 7 km coincides well with the large slip zone in the shallow thick layer of high VS and low σ. The large slip propagating mainly in the shallow rigid layer may be one of the main reasons why the Bam area suffered heavy damage.

Keywords

, Bam earthquake; Aftershocks; Seismic velocity structure; Poisson s ratio; Shallow rigid layer; Arg, e, Bam
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@article{paperid:202364,
author = {Sadeghi, Hossein},
title = {3-D velocity structure of the 2003 Bam earthquake area (SE Iran) : Existence of a low-Poisson's rati},
journal = {Tetrahedron Letters},
year = {2006},
month = {May},
issn = {0040-4039},
keywords = {Bam earthquake; Aftershocks; Seismic velocity structure; Poisson s ratio; Shallow rigid layer; Arg-e-Bam fault},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T 3-D velocity structure of the 2003 Bam earthquake area (SE Iran) : Existence of a low-Poisson's rati
%A Sadeghi, Hossein
%J Tetrahedron Letters
%@ 0040-4039
%D 2006

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