Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, Volume (4), No (1), Year (2014-1) , Pages (117-122)

Title : ( Supplementation of Clove Essential Oils and Probiotic to the Broiler’s Diet on Performance, Carcass Traits and Blood Components )

Authors: Mona Azadegan Mehr , Ahmad Hassanabadi , Hassan Nassiri Moghaddam , Hassan Kermanshahi ,

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This study was carried out to determine the effect of different levels of clove essential oil, as a natural growth promoter and probiotic on performance, carcass traits and serum components of broiler chickens. A total of 240 straight run day-old commercial broiler chicks (Cobb 500) were distributed randomly into five groups. Each group was subdivided into four replicates with 12 chicks each. The control diet, diet with pro-biotic protexin®, and diets supplemented with 150, 300 and 450 ppm clove essential oil were fed to the chickens. The results showed that from 11-22 days, feed intake (FI), and body weight gain (BWG) were increased significantly in control group compared to the other groups. However, from 23-42 d and 0-42 days of the experiment, feed intake (FI) and body weight gain (BWG) were increased significantly in broil-ers fed 450 ppm clove essential oil compare to those of control group (P<0.05). Also, clove essential oil at the level of 450 ppm increased feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG) and improved feed conversion ratio (FCR) in finisher period (P<0.05). Results show that different levels of clove essential oil and probi-otic had not any significant effect on dressing percentage, abdominal fat and internal organs percentage (liver, heart and gizzard) (P>0.05). The results revealed significant decrease in total cholesterol concentra-tion in diets supplemented with probiotic and 450 ppm clove essential oil at 21 day of age (P<0.05). Total cholesterol concentration, low density lipoprotein (LDL), and cholesterol / high density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio at 42 day of age were significantly improved in probiotic protexin® group compare to those of other groups (P<0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation with 450 ppm clove essential oil improved feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and decreased total cholesterol concen-tration (P<0.05). Probiotic could decrease serum cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol / high density lipoprotein (HDL) and improve HDL / LDL at day 42 broiler chickens (P<0.05).

Keywords

, blood factors, carcass yield, clove essential oil, feed intake, protexin®, weight
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@article{paperid:1040565,
author = {Azadegan Mehr, Mona and Hassanabadi, Ahmad and Nassiri Moghaddam, Hassan and Kermanshahi, Hassan},
title = {Supplementation of Clove Essential Oils and Probiotic to the Broiler’s Diet on Performance, Carcass Traits and Blood Components},
journal = {Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science},
year = {2014},
volume = {4},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {2251-628x},
pages = {117--122},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {blood factors; carcass yield; clove essential oil; feed intake; protexin®; weight gain},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Supplementation of Clove Essential Oils and Probiotic to the Broiler’s Diet on Performance, Carcass Traits and Blood Components
%A Azadegan Mehr, Mona
%A Hassanabadi, Ahmad
%A Nassiri Moghaddam, Hassan
%A Kermanshahi, Hassan
%J Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science
%@ 2251-628x
%D 2014

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