Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, ( ISI ), Volume (20), No (4), Year (2017-5) , Pages (891-904)

Title : ( Novel Synthesis Method and Characterization of Poly(vinyl acetate-butyl acrylate) Latex Particles: Effect of SilanolTerminated Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Surfactant on the Seeded Emulsion Copolymerization )

Authors: Reza Erfani Ghorbani , Gholamhossein Zohuri , M. Gholami ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract In a conventional semi-batch seeded emulsion copolymerization of vinyl acetate/butyl acrylate (VA/BA) using hybrid surfactants namely, dioctyl sulfosuccinate (DOSS) as an anionic surfactant, nonylphenol ethoxylate (KENON 30) as a non-ionic type, and polydimethylsiloxane surfactant (having hydrophilic silanol-terminated, called PDMS). The effect of PDMS on the properties of the latex synthesized was investigated by measuring solid content, viscosity, colloidal stability, particle size distributions of the base latex, viscosity average molecular weight (Mv) of the copolymer, latex particle morphology, glass transition temperature (Tg) of a copolymer and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). Particle size of the base latex decreases (Z-average from 246.48 to 143.69 nm) upon increasing the amount of PDMS surfactant in the recipe (up to 6 wt%). The presence of PDMS surfactant in the hybrid surfactants led to a significant increase in the solid content (from 48.71 to 51.31 wt%), viscosity (from 334 to 806 centipoise, cp) and Mv (from 1.91x 105 to 2.34x 105 g mol-1). Thermal stability and Tg copolymer were increased with addition of PDMS surfac-tant (thermal stability from 344.77 to 389.81 °C and T from -20.7 to 21.7 °C). The colloidal stability evaluated using the electrolyte addition method was improved with addition of PDMS surfactant. The uniform morphological structure of the final particle is the main effect of using PDMS in the hybrid surfactants. The uniform morphological structure of the final particle is the main effect of using PDMS in the hybride surfsctsnts.

Keywords

, Keywords Emulsion copolymerization, VA/BA copolymer, PDMS surfactant, Morphological structure, Thermal
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@article{paperid:1063422,
author = {Erfani Ghorbani, Reza and Zohuri, Gholamhossein and M. Gholami},
title = {Novel Synthesis Method and Characterization of Poly(vinyl acetate-butyl acrylate) Latex Particles: Effect of SilanolTerminated Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Surfactant on the Seeded Emulsion Copolymerization},
journal = {Journal of Surfactants and Detergents},
year = {2017},
volume = {20},
number = {4},
month = {May},
issn = {1097-3958},
pages = {891--904},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Keywords Emulsion copolymerization;VA/BA copolymer; PDMS surfactant; Morphological structure; Thermal stability},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Novel Synthesis Method and Characterization of Poly(vinyl acetate-butyl acrylate) Latex Particles: Effect of SilanolTerminated Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Surfactant on the Seeded Emulsion Copolymerization
%A Erfani Ghorbani, Reza
%A Zohuri, Gholamhossein
%A M. Gholami
%J Journal of Surfactants and Detergents
%@ 1097-3958
%D 2017

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