Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Volume (144), No (1), Year (2017-10) , Pages (543-551)

Title : ( Bioavailability of Coated and Uncoated ZnO Nanoparticles to Cucumber in Soil With or Without Organic Matter )

Authors: sahar moghadasi brojeni , Amir Fotovat , A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh , F. Karimzadeh , Hamid Reza Khazaei , Reza Khorassani ,

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There is a gap of knowledge for the fate, effects and bioavailability of coated and uncoated ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) in soil. Moreover, little is known about the effects of soil properties on effects of NPs on plants. In this study, the availability ZnO NPs in two soils with different organic matter content (one treated with cow manure (CM) and the other as untreated) was compared with their bulk particles. Results showed that coated and uncoated ZnO NPs can be more bioaccessible than their bulk counterpart and despite their more positive effects at low concentration (< 100 mg kg−1), they were more phytotoxic for plants compared to the bulk ZnO particles at high concentration (1000 mg kg−1) in the soil untreated with CM. The concentration of 1000 mg kg−1 of ZnO NPs, decreased shoot dry biomass (52%) in the soil untreated with CM but increased shoot dry biomass (35%) in CM-treated soil compared to their bulk counterpart. In general, plants in the CM-treated soil showed higher Zn concentration in their tissues compared with those in untreated soil. The difference in shoot Zn concentration between CM-treated and untreated soil for NPs treatments was more than bulk particles treatment. This different percentage at 100 mg kg−1 of bulk particles was 20.6% and for coated and uncoated NPs were 37% and 32%, respectively. Generally, the distribution of ZnO among Zn fractions in soil (exchangeable, the metal bound to carbonates, Fe-Mn oxides, organic matter and silicate minerals and the residual fraction) changed based on applied Zn concentration, Zn source and soil organic matter content. The root tip deformation under high concentration of NPs (1000 mg kg−1 treatment) was observed by light microscopy in plants at the soil untreated with CM. It seems that root tip deformation is one of the specific effects of NPs which in turn inhibits plant growth and nutrients uptake by root. The transmission electron microcopy image showed the aggregation of NPs inside the plant cytoplasm and their accumulation adjacent to the cell membrane.

Keywords

Zinc oxide nano particlesSoil
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@article{paperid:1063513,
author = {Moghadasi Brojeni, Sahar and Fotovat, Amir and A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh and F. Karimzadeh and Khazaei, Hamid Reza and Khorassani, Reza},
title = {Bioavailability of Coated and Uncoated ZnO Nanoparticles to Cucumber in Soil With or Without Organic Matter},
journal = {Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety},
year = {2017},
volume = {144},
number = {1},
month = {October},
issn = {0147-6513},
pages = {543--551},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {Zinc oxide nano particlesSoil fractionationUptake},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Bioavailability of Coated and Uncoated ZnO Nanoparticles to Cucumber in Soil With or Without Organic Matter
%A Moghadasi Brojeni, Sahar
%A Fotovat, Amir
%A A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh
%A F. Karimzadeh
%A Khazaei, Hamid Reza
%A Khorassani, Reza
%J Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
%@ 0147-6513
%D 2017

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