Euphytica, ( ISI ), Volume (213), No (193), Year (2017-8) , Pages (1-16)

Title : ( Sources of resistance to Phytophthora root rot within the genus Beta )

Authors: mozhdeh kakueinezhad , Parissa Taheri , B. Mahmoudi , Saeed Tarighi ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

Phytophthora root rot caused by Phytophthora drechsleri Tucker is one of the most devastating sugar beet diseases in tropical areas. To identify genetic resources resistant to this disease, an aggressive isolate of P. drechsleri was selected. Then, a screening method was optimized based on the standard scoring scales of 1–9 (1: no symptoms, 9: complete plant death). Finally, 19 sugar beet lines, three cultivars, and 14 accessions of the wild species Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, B. macrocarpa, B. procumbens, and B. webbiana were evaluated for resistance to the most aggressive isolate of P. drechsleri by using the optimized method (inoculum included 20 g of rice seed together with superficial wound creation). The isolates of P. drechsleri had significant variation in aggressiveness, and Kv10 was the most aggressive isolate on the susceptible variety Rasoul. The lines O.T.201-15, SP85303-0 (resistant check), and S2-24.P.107 had the lowest disease index with scores of 3.09, 3.13, and 3.27 respectively; they were categorized into the resistant group. The interaction between isolates and genotypes was not significant, which indicated the same response of each genotype to different isolates. Investigating the resistance of different generations of sugar beet revealed that progeny selection would be an effective method for increasing the resistance level of breeding materials to P. drechsleri. Among the wild species, the accession 9402 belonging to B. macrocarpa and the accession 7234 of B. vulgaris subsp. maritima had the lowest disease index (2.29 and 2.60, respectively) and were categorized into the resistant group.

Keywords

Resistant . Sugar beet . Screening . Phytophthora drechsleri
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@article{paperid:1063723,
author = {Kakueinezhad, Mozhdeh and Taheri, Parissa and B. Mahmoudi and Tarighi, Saeed},
title = {Sources of resistance to Phytophthora root rot within the genus Beta},
journal = {Euphytica},
year = {2017},
volume = {213},
number = {193},
month = {August},
issn = {0014-2336},
pages = {1--16},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {Resistant . Sugar beet . Screening . Phytophthora drechsleri},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Sources of resistance to Phytophthora root rot within the genus Beta
%A Kakueinezhad, Mozhdeh
%A Taheri, Parissa
%A B. Mahmoudi
%A Tarighi, Saeed
%J Euphytica
%@ 0014-2336
%D 2017

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