Heliyon, Volume (5), No (7), Year (2019-7)

Title : ( The growth and development of cress (Lepidium sativum) affected by blue and red light )

Authors: ladan ajdanian , Mehdi Babaei , Hossein Arouiee ,

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Today, the use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) are rapidly increasing in horticulture industry as a result of technological advancements. Lighting systems play an important role in the commercial greenhouse productions. As an arti fi cial source of light, LED lamps can contribute to the better and faster growth of horticulture products such as vegetables grown in greenhouses. In this study, the effects of red and blue light spectrums were imple- mented and performed as a pot experiment under the cultivation-without-soil condition in greenhouse based on a completely random plan with 3 lighting treatments including natural light (control), 60% red light þ 40% blue light (60R:40B), and 90% red light þ 10% blue light (90R:10B), repeated 3 times. The results showed that the application of blue and red lights affected the fresh and dry weights of cress as well as its biomass, demonstrating a considerable increase compared to the plants grown under natural sunlight condition. In this regard, the fresh weight of the plant under the 60R:40B treatment had 57.11% increase compared to the natural light treatment. Compared to the control sample, the dry weight had 26.06% increase under 90R:10B treatment. The highest extent of biomass was observed under the 60R:40B lighting treatment with a value of 1.51 (g per kg dry weight of the plant), which was a 68.87% increase compared to the natural light treatment. Under the 60R:40B treatment, cress had its highest length at 19.76 cm. Under the similar treatment, the cress leaf had a total area of 56.78 cm 2 which was the largest. The stem diameter and the number of leaves under the 60R:40B treatment had their highest values at 3.28 mm and 8.16, respectively. Accordingly, a growing trend was observed with 56.7 and 61.27% increase compared to the control treatment. Furthermore, the biochemical traits of cress, the amount of a, b and total chlorophyll, the amount of anthocyanin and phenolic contents under the application of red and blue light were at their highest values compared to the control treatment. The highest amount of chlorophyll was observed under 60R:40B treatment as 15.09 mg g 1 FW leaf. Moreover, the phenolic contents and the amount of anthocyanin were of signi fi cant difference at 1% level of likelihood compared to the control treatment. Therefore, the vegetative growth of cress was substantially affected by red and blue lights, resulting in the enhancement of the plant\\\\\\\'s biochemical features compared to control condition via adjusting the lighting quality and impacts of each red and blue light spectrum on their speci fi c receptors. As a result, the presence of both lighting spectrums is essential for expanding and increasing the quality of the plant. At the large scale, this technology is capable of improving the commercial greenhouse production performance while helping farmers achieve maximum prod- ucts. This particular combination of lights is one of the bene fi cial features of LED lighting systems intended for different types of commercial greenhouse productions, especially the valuable greenhouse products. (13) (PDF) The growth and development of cress (Lepidium sativum) affected by blue and red light. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334726371_The_growth_and_development_of_cress_Lepidium_sativum_affected_by_blue_and_red_light [accessed Sep 21 2019].


, Agriculture, Cryptochrome, LED lamp, Phytochrome, Anthocyanin
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author = {Ajdanian, Ladan and مهدی بابایی and Arouiee, Hossein},
title = {The growth and development of cress (Lepidium sativum) affected by blue and red light},
journal = {Heliyon},
year = {2019},
volume = {5},
number = {7},
month = {July},
issn = {2405-8440},
keywords = {Agriculture; Cryptochrome; LED lamp; Phytochrome; Anthocyanin},


%0 Journal Article
%T The growth and development of cress (Lepidium sativum) affected by blue and red light
%A Ajdanian, Ladan
%A مهدی بابایی
%A Arouiee, Hossein
%J Heliyon
%@ 2405-8440
%D 2019