American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science, ( ISI ), Volume (4), No (4), Year (2008-4) , Pages (478-483)

Title : ( Physical and sensory changes in pistachio nuts as affected by roasting temperature and storage )

Authors: , Nasser Sedaghat ,

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In this work the effect of roasting temperature and storage on the moisture content, texture and sensory attributes of pistachio nuts were investigated. Pistachio nuts were salted and then roasted using conventional method at 90, 120, and 150 ˚C for 30 min. The changes occurred in the moisture content, textural properties (hardness and fracture force), and sensory attributes (firmness and overall acceptability) of salted roasted pistachio nuts were determined during 3 months of storage. The textural properties were correlated with sensory attributes. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to predict the effects of roasting temperature and storage on textural properties. The first-order model was used to describe textural changes at different roasting temperatures and during storage period. Hardness and fracture force as well as firmness increased across the storage time for all roasted pistachio nuts. Furthermore, during the storage, the moisture content of roasted pistachio nuts increased. By increasing the roasting temperature, moisture content, hardness and fracture force were significantly decreased. Using high roasting temperature led to less firmness. The more overall acceptability obtained for samples roasted at temperature of 120 ˚C. The results indicated that the correlation between instrumental and sensory properties was highly significant.

Keywords

, Pistachio, Roasting, Storage, Moisture content, Textural and sensory
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@article{paperid:1008161,
author = {, and Sedaghat, Nasser},
title = {Physical and sensory changes in pistachio nuts as affected by roasting temperature and storage},
journal = {American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science},
year = {2008},
volume = {4},
number = {4},
month = {April},
issn = {1818-6769},
pages = {478--483},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {Pistachio; Roasting; Storage; Moisture content; Textural and sensory attributes},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Physical and sensory changes in pistachio nuts as affected by roasting temperature and storage
%A ,
%A Sedaghat, Nasser
%J American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science
%@ 1818-6769
%D 2008

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