Poultry Science, ( ISI ), Volume (8), No (90), Year (2011-8) , Pages (1758-1766)

Title : ( Effects of dietary n-6:n-3 ratio on immune and reproductive systems of pullet chicks )

Authors: Mohammad Pilevar , JAVAD ARSHAMI , Abolghasem Golian , Mohammad Reza Bassami ,

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The objective of this study was to examine the effects of dietary n-6:n-3 ratio on immune and reproduction systems of Leghorn pullet chicks. A total of 216 Hy-Line W-36 pullet chicks (1 d old) were randomly assigned to 3 diets (n-6:n-3 ratios of 10, 6, and 2) until 22 wk of age. The Optomega-50 (Optivite International Ltd., Nottinghamshire, UK) containing 50% salmon fish oil was used as an n-3 source. Pullets were injected with SRBC suspension at 6 and 9 wk and anti-SRBC titers were measured 7 and 14 d after each immunization. The antibody (Ab) titers for Newcastle disease (ND), avian influenza, infectious bronchitis (IB), and infectious bursal disease (IBD) were determined at 4, 6, 10, 14, and 18 wk of age. Pullets fed diet with the n-6:n-3 ratio of 2 had higher feed consumption and lower BW gain (P < 0.05) compared those fed diets with the ratios of 6 and 10. The results demonstrated that the different dietary n-6:n-3 ratios did not have a significant effect on the anti-SRBC titers in pullets serum (P > 0.05). The Ab production against avian influenza vaccine was increased in pullets fed diet containing the n-6:n-3 ratio of 10 at wk 10 and 14 and increased for ND at only 14 wk (P < 0.05). On the other hand, the Ab response to IBD (14 wk) and IB (14 wk) vaccines was increased when pullets were fed diet containing a ratio of 6 (P < 0.05). The pullets fed diet with the n-6:n-3 ratio of 2 showed lower egg production and late sexual maturity (P > 0.05) whereas ovary weight (P = 0.01) and number of large yellow follicles (P = 0.049) were significantly decreased at first oviposition. Our results revealed that the supplementation of Optomega-50 as a source of n-3 to decrease the n-6:n-3 ratio in diet significantly increased Ab production for ND, IB, and IBD in pullet chicks with slight reduction in reproductive organs weight at early production.


, pullet chick, n-6:n-3 ratio, humoral immunity, reproductive organ, vaccine titer
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author = {Pilevar, Mohammad and ARSHAMI, JAVAD and Golian, Abolghasem and Bassami, Mohammad Reza},
title = {Effects of dietary n-6:n-3 ratio on immune and reproductive systems of pullet chicks},
journal = {Poultry Science},
year = {2011},
volume = {8},
number = {90},
month = {August},
issn = {0032-5791},
pages = {1758--1766},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {pullet chick; n-6:n-3 ratio; humoral immunity; reproductive organ; vaccine titer},


%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of dietary n-6:n-3 ratio on immune and reproductive systems of pullet chicks
%A Pilevar, Mohammad
%A Golian, Abolghasem
%A Bassami, Mohammad Reza
%J Poultry Science
%@ 0032-5791
%D 2011