Journal of Applied Microbiology, Volume (118), No (3), Year (2015-3) , Pages (704-717)

Title : ( Antifungal activity of various essential oils against Rhizoctonia solani and Macrophomina phaseolina as major bean pathogens )

Authors: Nima Khaledi , Parissa Taheri , Saeed Tarighi ,

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Abstract

Aims: The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of various essential oils (EOs) to decrease the activity of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) produced by fungal phytopathogens, which are associated with disease progress. Also, effect of seed treatment and foliar application of peppermint EO and its main constituent, menthol, on diseases caused by two necrotrophic pathogens on bean was investigated. Methods and Results: Antifungal activity of EOs on Rhizoctonia solani and Macrophomina phaseolina, as bean pathogens, was evaluated. The EOs of Mentha piperita, Bunium persicum and Thymus vulgaris revealed the highest antifungal activity against fungi. The EO of M. piperita had the lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for R. solani among the three EOs tested. This pathogen did not grow in the presence of M. piperita, B. persicum and T. vulgaris EOs at 850, 1200 and 1100 ppm concentrations, respectively.The B. persicum EO had the lowest MIC for M. phaseolina as this fungus did not grow in the presence of M. piperita, B. persicum and T. vulgaris EOs at concentrations of 975, 950 and 1150 ppm, respectively. Hyphae exposed to EOs showed structural changes. Activities of cellulase and pectinase, as main CWDEs of pathogens, decreased by EOs at low concentration without effect on fungal growth. Seed treatment and foliar application of peppermint EO and/or menthol significantly reduced the development of bean diseases caused by both fungi. Higher capability of menthol than peppermint EO in decreasing diseases on bean was observed. Conclusions: Reducing CDWEs activity is a mechanism of EOs’ effect on fungi. Higher antifungal activity of menthol compared to peppermint EO was observed not only in vitro but also in vivo. Significance and Impact of the Study: Effect of EOs on CWDEs involved in pathogenesis is described in this study for the first time. Menthol can be used as a botanical fungicide to control destructive fungal diseases on bean.

Keywords

, Bunium persicum, cellulose, essential oil, Macrophomina phaseolina, Mentha piperita, menthol, pectinase, Rhizoctonia solani, Thymus vulgaris.
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@article{paperid:1046762,
author = {Khaledi, Nima and Taheri, Parissa and Tarighi, Saeed},
title = {Antifungal activity of various essential oils against Rhizoctonia solani and Macrophomina phaseolina as major bean pathogens},
journal = {Journal of Applied Microbiology},
year = {2015},
volume = {118},
number = {3},
month = {March},
issn = {1364-5072},
pages = {704--717},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Bunium persicum; cellulose; essential oil; Macrophomina phaseolina; Mentha piperita; menthol; pectinase; Rhizoctonia solani; Thymus vulgaris.},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Antifungal activity of various essential oils against Rhizoctonia solani and Macrophomina phaseolina as major bean pathogens
%A Khaledi, Nima
%A Taheri, Parissa
%A Tarighi, Saeed
%J Journal of Applied Microbiology
%@ 1364-5072
%D 2015

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